Abstract: In this paper, single-processors job shop scheduling problems are solved by a heuristic algorithm based on the hybrid of priority dispatching rules according to an ant colony optimization algorithm. The objective function is to minimize the makespan i.e. total completion time , in which a simultanous presence of various kinds of ferons is allowed. The process of finding the best solution will be improved by using the suitable hybrid of priority dispatching rules. Ant colony optimization algorithm, not only promote the ability of this proposed algorithm, but also decreases the total working time because of decreasing in setup times and modifying the working production line. By solving some problems as samples (i.e. Fisher's & Thomson's problems), this algorithm is compared with the others. The results show that when the size of the problem becomes larger the deviation from lower limit increases, but its rate decreases with the size of the problems, so that it reaches to its limit.
Keywords: Job shops scheduling, Priority dispatching rules, Makespan, Hybrid heuristic algorithm
Recieved: 02.09.2006 Accepted: 21.11.2006 UDC: 658.524